Tuesday, July 4, 2017

New Tropical Storm?

On this 4th of July, Mother Nature may be providing some fireworks of her own in the Eastern Atlantic. An area of disturbed weather roughly 800 miles WSW of the Cape Verde Islands may be entering an area favorable for further development. We may have a tropical storm over the next 24 - 48 hours. If it does develop, it will called "Don".

Latest Data:
The broad low has a surface pressure of about 1009 mb. The Satellite image suggests strong thunderstorm action within 120 nautical miles of the alleged center and a cloud spin extending away from the center a good 300 nm.

Top winds have been clocked at Gale Force, roughly 30 miles per hour in only one area, near the SE part of the low.

The cloud pattern doesn't look any different than on Monday, yet today NHC is giving it a 70% chance for organization in 48 hours and 80% over 5 days.

Where may it organize?
The broad low will inch towards the west thru much of the day then pick up speed later tonight at around 10 - 15 mph. If this broad area of low pressure does develop, it will do so anywhere in the area highlighted in red.

Once it develops, where is it heading?
(Keep in mind nothing has developed yet and without a good starting point for the models to use, they can't give us a good ending point. Right now these are just an educated guess.)

High pressure will be pushing whatever develops to the west in the short term. By days 3 - 5, a weakness appears in the high allowing the system to take more of a NW track.

That track will place it near the Leeward Islands or Central Atlantic. The islands should keep monitoring it just in case.

For the moment across South Florida & the Bahamas, the worry meter is on low. Check back periodically for further updates.

Monday, July 3, 2017

New Invest

NHC is watching a broad area of low pressure way out in the Eastern Atlantic. It has been deemed Invest 94L, as it is an area the Center would like to INVESTigate further. So far this low has been sitting still, or moving slowly west, over the last day or so.

It remains roughly 700 miles SW of the Cape Verde Islands, at times showing signs of additional thunderstorm formation.

This low is also almost 3 thousand miles away from South Florida. We have plenty of time to see what, if anything, develops.

It could become a depression or a storm over the next few days. It has a 70 percent chance that it could spin up into something stronger, but that growth-window may not be open too long.

As it begins to move Northwest, it may develop anywhere in the area highlighted in red. It will have warmer waters with little wind sheer.

It may be able to stay south long enough of dry Saharan Air to its North. We'll be monitoring that. The Leeward Islands should monitor its progress just in case.

If it can somehow garner enough strength to develop, its expected to run into some strong upper level winds in about 5 days that could either weaken it or destroy it.

The area in yellow shows upper winds at the moment. They are blowing at around 20 - 30 mph, but by the weekend they'll be zooming out of the SW at around 50 - 70 mph.

That could cut down the cloud tops of any developing t-storms.

In the eventuality that it does develop,  where is it headed?
Early models are placing it near the Leeward Islands by the weekend. Take these models with a grain of salt.

Nothing has developed yet and since there is no good starting point for the models to use, they can't offer us a good ending point so use this as an educated guess as to where it may be in 5 days.

We'll keep you posted.

Monday, June 19, 2017

Potential Tropical Cyclone...what?

We start the week with a new term in the world of hurricane tracking, a Potential Tropical Cyclone. Once understood, its a basic and simple idea. Its more of a procedural thing actually. This now allows the hurricane center to issue advisories on a system that has yet to develop.

In the past, NHC needed something, a sub tropical system or a depression to form in order for tracking to begin and for locations in its path to start getting ready.  There was a risk to the old method. What if something is aiming for you for days and doesn't develop until just before landfall. It could be devastating. It doesn't even need to be of storm or hurricane strength to cause problems. Remember all the rain here about a week ago, without a tropical system?

So the National Hurricane Center came up with a way of initiating advisories even before a system develops and they call it "Potential Tropical Cyclone".

We have the very first one just East of the Windward Islands and it could impact the region by Monday night.

It carries the number 2 with it for consistency since we've already had "Arlene" which became a Tropical Storm in the Atlantic between April 19th and 21st.

Once this low in the Atlantic reaches maturity it will then carry the second name on the hurricane list, Bret.

Radar and advisories:

Tropical Storm Warnings are in place for the following:

A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for...
* St. Vincent and the Grenadines
* Trinidad
* Tobago 
* Grenada
The government of Barbados has discontinued its Tropical Storm

This system will continue to move west through the Southern Caribbean and models suggest it may fall apart in the middle of the Caribbean Sea in about 5 days.

More rain for South Florida?
We may have a similar situation developing closer to us. NHC is following an area of disturbed weather with a very high chance for development. Its been this way for awhile now and has yet to form.

It remains as a huge area of clouds and rain in the Western Caribbean Sea drenching the region. It is forecast to eventually move into the Gulf.

Because of its proximity to land, advisories may be started here as well even before the system develops.

For South Florida and even the NW Bahamas, some of this rain could get spun in our direction. It may be soggy for a few more days.

Please check back every so often for updates regarding this disturbance. Even if nothing happens, its a good way to check your supplies.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

UPDATED Tropical System in the Gulf?

As of 5 pm Sunday:
Potential Tropical Storm Advisory issued for the Windward Islands. 
A TROPICAL STORM WARNING has been issued for Barbados, St, Vincent, and the Grenadines for the possible impact of tropical storm force winds over the next 36 hours. 
This is new this year. NHC can start issuing advisories even before a system organizes. This can give communities the extra time they need to prepare. 

The area of disturbed weather is roughly 815 miles ESE of the Windward Islands and moving rapidly towards them at around 23 mph. It is expected to get stronger and could reach tropical storm status on Monday as it nears the islands.
All interests across the Windward Islands and Northern Venezuela should prepare accordingly.

2 PM UPDATE: Latest satellite observations show the broad area of low pressure in the Western Caribbean Sea DOES NOT have a well defined center. The Recon mission for this afternoon has been cancelled.  This area of clouds and rain is still producing heavy downpours and still has a high chance for development over the next few days.  Hurricane hunters remain on stand-by for Monday.

Sunday morning post:
There is a high chance we may be tracking something in the Gulf this coming week.  As of Sunday morning, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) is following a broad area of low pressure sitting in the Northwestern Caribbean Sea. It is slowly moving into the Gulf of Mexico and regardless of development, it will dump plenty of rain.  NHC is giving this feature a 90% chance for development over the next 5 days. A hurricane Hunter plane is scheduled to fly into the area Sunday afternoon if needed.

This enhanced satellite loop detects the areas of highest rainfall in bright yellows, oranges, and reds.

It is centered over Western Cuba, Gand Cayman, and the Yucatan Peninsula with plenty of rain coming down over the region.

We are looking for the possibility of a counterclockwise spin with this low. It has been trying to do that for the last 24 hours.

What we really need is to get the vital signs, specially surface winds and pressure readings. The only way we can do the is with a recon mission. Because NHC wants to Investigate this area further, it has been named INVEST93L.


Image posted on Twitter by Jamaica Gleaner. Follow them for more pictures
Rain continues to be a big factor throughout the Western Caribbean Sea. 

Jamaica had been under flood advisories throughout Saturday, and those may get extended if the downpours persist. The Jamaica Gleaner News tweeted pictures of flooded areas like this one showing the Milk River in Clarendon. 

Grand Cayman, Western Cuba, and parts of Central America are also under the threat of rain as the system organizes and moves into the Gulf. The weather will continue to go down hill for them as well.   

More models are issuing forecast tracks today, and at least on the short term, they are taking whatever develops into the Gulf, and then possibly aiming it anywhere between Texas. Louisiana, and Florida. 

Keep in mind that models need a good starting point to issue their forecast tracks and since nothing has developed yet, no good starting point means no good ending point.

South Florida:
Our long range outlook depends on whatever happens in the Gulf during the next few days. Even if a system develops and aims for Louisiana or Texas, we may get some downpours. 

If it takes a turn towards Northern Florida, more rain may be expected. This is a good time to review your plans and make sure you have everything you need in case Mother Nature throws us a curve ball.  We'll keep you posted.

Another Worry?

Another area of low pressure is sitting roughly 1000 miles ESE of the Windward Islands and aiming for the are at around 20 mph. It has a 50% chance of becoming a depression or a tropical storm over the next few days. A recon mission has been planned for Monday to get a better idea of the development process within this low.
As mentioned above, these are preliminary outlooks and until we get a fix on a possible center they are not set in stone. These early tracks show a consistent movement to the middle of the Caribbean Sea. If it develops, it could impact everyone from the Windward Islands to Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Grand Cayman.  Its impossible to tell how strong or weak this may be as it tracks through the region so please monitor closely.

I'll be hoping for the best.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Recon on Stand-by

An area of low pressure sitting in the Western Caribbean Sea is looking healthier.  A hurricane hunter plane is now on stand by to check the disturbance on Sunday.  Satellite imagery suggests a broad low has formed and t-storm activity is showing the start of organization. NHC is giving it an 80% chance for development over the next 5 day.

This is an enhanced satellite loop centered just East of the Yucatan Peninsula. The brighter orange and red colors represent the higher cloud tops.

The higher cloud tops is where you will find the strongest storms.

The storms are trying to rotate counterclockwise and form a closed circle. When that happens, its a sure sign we have an organized system.

As of Saturday afternoon, a strong upper wind to the north was stopping that from happening.

NHC says:   Regardless of development, heavy rains are likely over portions of Central America, the Yucatan Peninsula, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, and Western Cuba over the next few days.

Jamaica Advisories:
Flood advisories have been in effect for much of the country. They will probably be extended in some way through Sunday.
  • A Flash Flood Warning for low-lying and flood-prone areas of St. Mary, Portland, St. Thomas, Kingston and St. Andrew, St. Catherine, Clarendon, Manchester, Trelawny and St. Ann.
  • A Flash Flood Watch for low-lying and flood-prone areas of St. Elizabeth, Westmoreland, Hanover and St. James., Clarendon, Manchester, Trelawny and St. Ann.

Grand Cayman will see a chance for on and off downpours as the low intensifies and moves northwest. This is the Cayman radar.

Forecast Models:
Model runs at this stage are very unreliable. They need a good starting point or a good spin, in order to forecast a track. Right now they are just providing an educated guess.

This is what the first few projections are showing. The black triangle forecast is a simplistic track... it shows, whichever way the low is moving now, is where it will continue to go.

But many things can influence a trajectory, fronts, upper winds, even other nearby lows.
Some of the other models here take that into account.

Formation Areas:
One reason why we are watching this low carefully is because of the area it is being born. System that are spawned here tend to, on average, move into the Gulf impacting areas from Mexico to Cuba and Florida.

Hopefully nothing much comes from this and at most its just a good way to make sure you are ready in case something threatens South Florida. Stay tuned.

The figures show the zones of origin and tracks for different months during the hurricane season. These figures only depict average conditions. Hurricanes can originate in different locations and travel much different paths from the average. Nonetheless, having a sense of the general pattern can give you a better picture of the average hurricane season for your area.


Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Caribbean Development?

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is keeping its eyes on an area of the Caribbean that could sprout a low pressure system in the days ahead. Nothing is there now but models are hinting at something developing that may drop plenty of rain across parts of the Yucatan Peninsula,  Central America, and maybe Western Cuba.

The "Worry Meter" is very low on this for South Florida & the Bahamas, but it is worthy of watching since it will be sitting over an area extremely favorable for storms to form.

In the month of June, the Caribbean Sea & Gulf of Mexico are the primary spots for emerging tropical activity. Typical tracks are to the Gulf States and Florida.

NHC says:
A broad area of low pressure is expected to form over the
northwestern Caribbean Sea and adjacent land areas by the weekend.
Some gradual development of this system is possible thereafter while
it moves slowly northwestward.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...20 percent.

Other Activity:
There are a handful of tropical waves moving East to West in the Atlantic Basin. While it may look impressive, most are proving much needed rain through the region. This is average and nothing to worry about. In the Pacific, the remnants of Tropical Storm "Calvin" is still dumping rain across Southern Mexico.

What to do now:
Keeping checking back over the next few days for further developments.

Friday, June 9, 2017

More Tropical Rain?

Much of South Florida has seen more rain these last 9 days, than what is average for the entire month of June. The ground is saturated and any additional rain will lead to more flooding.

It appears Saturday and Sunday will get its fair share of downpours, so this soggy mess may not be over.

The reason for the rain is a disturbance basically sitting as a line of clouds extending from Western Cuba, through South Florida, over the Bahamas, and into the Western Atlantic.

This line of clouds is like a magnet drawing in plenty of moisture from the Gulf and dumping it over us.

I am hoping this constant "Train of Rain" weakens a bit by Sunday to give us a break.

Long Range Outlook:
It may be wet for awhile. The National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, is in charge of looking at long range trends and issuing a once a week weather outlook. It is based on broad scale conditions

They are looking at possible development of a tropical system either in the SW Gulf of Mexico or NW Caribbean Sea, between June 14-20th.

  • On the graphic above, look at the map that says "Week 2". There are two areas highlighted with red and white stripes. 
  • The  ECMWF, GFS, and Canadian model guidance indicate potential formation of a tropical system near those areas.   
  • NWSCPC tweeted Friday afternoon they were moderately confident such a feature would develop.

Moderate confidence of the second Atlantic tropical cyclone of the year forming between June 14-20 near the Yucatan

The reason why I am mentioning this, is that the areas indicated for possible formation,  are areas where most systems develop during the month of June. The typical tracks taken by these system are into Mexico, the Gulf States and even Florida.

We've all seen the problems copious amounts of rainfall can cause without a tropical system.

We surely don't need anymore.  I will keep updating you on this possible formation in the tropics.

All we can do is watch & wait and see what finally happens.

Monday, May 22, 2017

What's in store for Hurricane Season 2017

Hurricane season starts June 1st and runs through the end of November. This of course, is a man-made timeline since tropical systems can happen at anytime.

The main ingredient for storm formation is hot water, at 80° or above. If this, along with other factors come together, then we can get a named system.

This year we've already had Tropical storm "Arlene", which spawned between April 19th through the 21st over the open waters of the Central Atlantic.

It was only a nuisance for the shipping lanes but it did however, make it into the history books as the second April Tropical Storm since the satellite era began in the 60s.

Last year got off to an extremely early start as well, with Hurricane Alex, forming in the Atlantic on January 7th.

It was the first Atlantic hurricane in January since Hurricane Alice in 1955. It was also the first to form in January since 1938.

On Thursday May 25th, NOAA will release its seasonal outlook for this year. This is only one of many published by universities and private weather firms alike. So far the early consensus is that we may end up with an average season. Typical numbers are 12 named systems, out of which 6 may become hurricanes, and out of that number maybe two could reach major hurricane status. (Category 3 or above / over 111 mph)

 This is a list of the names we will "hopefully" not see this year.

Will El Niño play a factor in this year's forecast?
El Niño is a warming of the Equatorial waters of the Eastern Pacific. This "warming" not only impacts marine currents but atmospheric ones as well. This upper level wind shake-up, tends to disrupt storm formation in the Atlantic.

El Niño's scientific name is ENSO, which stands for El Niño Southern Oscillation.

Most of the models focusing on the ENSO forecast, suggest Pacific Temps will remain average for the short term.

There is a 50% chance the waters could start warming above average between August and December but by then it may be too late for it to have any impact on our tropical season.  We'll be monitoring .

What's new to help us?
Storm Surge Advisories
Our coastline is extremely vulnerable to storm surge from a system. This is basically a wall of water that slams along the coast. It can be devastating. NOAA will officially start issuing Storm Surge advisories offering advance warning of 36 to 48 hours to the areas that could get submerged. This will help you to know when to evacuate. If you live in a trailer or low area that typically gets flooded, plan now so you know where to go if you are ordered out. Don;t wait to the last minute.

Warnings even before a system forms:
Sometimes conditions are such that the weather is beautiful, but models show a storm developing and impacting the coast within a day or two. It used to be the National Hurricane Center waited for a storm to form in order to issue watches and warnings. Now they don't have to wait. NHC will be able to issue warnings even if a storm has yet to form.

Bottom line:
Not one forecast model will ever let you know where and when a storm will make land fall. You should prepare as if you will get hit by a hurricane and plan accordingly. Unlike other phenomena, a hurricane will never take you by surprise.

If an earthquake were to happen, I could not give you any warning. I might be able to alert you within a few minutes of a tornado impacting your area, but with a hurricane, you will grow tired of seeing me on TV (sometimes a week out and ad nauseam) alerting you of its possible strength and path.

So please prepare as if we will get hit and you will be ready for anything Mother Nature throws our way.

Here's to a safe Hurricane Season.

Monday, May 1, 2017

Halley Comet Pieces Aiming for Earth

A "Hot Spot" has shown up in the Aquarius constellation. It was detected by Canada's Meteor Orbit Radar and its a signal that the Aquarid Meteor shower is off and running. The interesting part of all this, these meteors are part of the famous Halley's Comet. Over the next few days the earth will be traveling through a trail of debris from the comet. This show is known as the Aquarid Meteor Shower.

According spaceweather.com:

Two leading meteor forecasters have noted the possibility of eta Aquarid outbursts. Mikhail Maslov says meteor activity could increase on May 4th (14h- 18h UT) when Earth grazes a dust trail released by Comet Halley in the year -616. Forecaster Mikiya Sato agrees that that Earth could encounter the -616 dust trail, but later on May 5th (05h - 15h UT), possibly with such a gentle graze that no special increase is detectable. In most years the strongest activity is seen around May 6th, which may still prove true in 2017.
The best time to look, no matter where you live, is during the dark hours just before dawn when the constellation Aquarius is rising in the east. Monitor the meteor gallery for sightings.

This sky map shows where the radar is detecting pings from incoming meteors in broad daylight on May 1st:

Halley's Comet is a short-period comet visible from Earth every 75–76 years.[3][10] Halley is the only known short-period comet that is regularly visible to the naked eye from Earth, and the only naked-eye comet that might appear twice in a human lifetime.[11] Halley last appeared in the inner parts of the Solar System in 1986 and will next appear in mid-2061.[12] - Wikipedia

Friday, March 24, 2017

Out of this world clouds!

These clouds are not from earth, but Mars! The red planet does have a thin atmosphere capable of some weather and NASA's Curiosity rover has been recording it.

The rover captured over 500 clips of cloud formations during its 5 years on Mars. This latest video shows "Gravity Waves" .  These "cloud ripples" are formed on earth by  air trying to even out its vertical balance. 

Gravity Waves on Mars

Scientists hope that by learning how "Gravity Waves" form on Mars, it will lead to figuring out how deep the ice sheets are on the planet. This in turn may lead to a better understanding of the watery past on Mars.

For more Martian Cloud Clips, check out Sciencemag.org

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Get ready for new clouds!

On Thursday, the World Meteorological Organization will announce the names of two new clouds. They will be known as Volutus and Asperitas. (They sound like planets from the original Star Trek show). 

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which is responsible for categorizing such things, will be updating its "Cloud Atlas" for the first time in 30 years.  They say, the new edition was put together with the help of the digital age. Pictures were submitted from around the world to illustrate all the cloud types, and so the opportunity was taken to add the new entries.
New Entries:
The first addition is actually a species of clouds known as, "Volutus". These are more commonly known as "Roll Clouds".

They occur within the genera of the better known, "Altocumulus and Stratocumulus".

Five other features are being added to describe clouds. These new terms are, "Asperitas", "Cavum", "Cauda" also known as a tail cloud), "Fluctus", and "Murus", (more popularly known as a wall cloud).

According to WMO, the best known of these added features is "Asperitas" (from the Latin meaning roughness).

Asperitas is the Digital Age Cloud:
Whats really cool about this new cloud type, is that it was discovered by regular folks taking pictures. Most of the stills were taken by members of the Cloud Appreciation Society. The founder of the group, Gavin Pretor-Pinney said, "With so many taken from around the globe, it was possible to spot patterns. This is how the proposal for a new classification came about, and we are delighted the WMO has chosen to include it in their definitive reference work for cloud classification”.

The International Cloud Atlas:
This reference guide was first published in the late 1800s. As you can imaging, it contains many descriptions of the clouds that cover the earth. The last time it was updated was 1987.

“This is THE world reference for observing and classifying clouds and other weather phenomena. The Atlas contains pictures, definitions, and explanations that are accepted and used by all WMO’s 191 Member countries and territories,” said Bertrand Calpini, President of WMO’s Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO), which oversaw the revision process.

For a complete cloud guide, click on  World Meteorological Organization 


Monday, February 27, 2017

Moon Ride to Solar Flares

Here's a quick look at a few events happening in Space News:

Sun Burped:
A hole in the shape of a canyon has opened up in the sun's atmosphere. This is blowing off solar wind and aiming it towards earth. This solar wind could arrive early Tuesday, Feb. 28th, sparking a northern lights display,  Forecasters at NOAA, say there is a 60% chance of G-1 storms thru March 1st. This may cause some satellite and cell phone outages.
This is what Spaceweather.com is reporting:
The source of the solar wind is a coronal hole (CH)--a region in the sun's atmosphere where the magnetic field opens up and allows solar wind to escape. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory photographed the structure, above, on Feb. 27th.  

Researchers call this a "negative-polarity" coronal hole because it contains south-pointing (that is, "negative") magnetic fields that tend to be very effective in causing geomagnetic storms when they reach Earth. Arctic sky watchers should be alert for bright auroras in the nights ahead

Side by Side:

After sunset Monday, look west and you'll see a skinny crescent moon. It will appear near Venus giving you a great 2 for the price of one viewing.

And finally, if you have the cash....

Image result for spacex logoPrivate space firm "Space X" is planning on flying 2 people around the moon in 2018. Allegedly these two folks have provided a significant down payment already for the mission. SpaceX says, they'll "begin initial training later this year".
Apparently, other people, have expressed strong interest and we expect more to follow. Additional information will be released about the flight teams, contingent upon their approval and confirmation of the health and fitness test results.

Space X adds, "This presents an opportunity for humans to return to deep space for the first time in 45 years and they will travel faster and further into the Solar System than any before them"

Thursday, February 23, 2017

El Niño on the Comeback?

El Niño is a warming of the Equatorial waters of the Pacific ocean which impacts marine and atmospheric currents. This in turn disrupts many weather patterns around the globe.

The last El Niño was during 2015-16. Scientist say it was one of the most powerful weather events of the last 145 years. They add, that winter beach erosion along the west coast was 76% above typical with most beaches in California erodeding beyond historical extremes.

While El Niño creates havoc in many areas around the globe, for us, it tends to make for more hostile conditions in order for hurricanes to grow.

The 2015 season was below average, with 11 named systems, out of which 4 turned into hurricanes, and out of that number, 2 became major hurricanes. (Cat 3 and above) . An average season calls for 12,6,and 3.

Is there a return of "El Niño" for this year?
There are many factor to consider, but NOAA's outlook is calling for warmer ocean conditions starting in July.

The graphic shows warmer ocean temps in red. The Pacific is looking pretty good into the months of Match, April, and May as illustrated in the first upper left hand panel. But by July, August, and September, in the upper right hand panel, the red streak in the Pacific off South America seems to be growing. 

Could this be the start to an El Niño event? We'll have to wait and see.